Who invented silicones?
Although no one person can be credited with inventing silicones, British professor Frederick Stanley Kipping was the first to achieve extensive synthesis of silicone compounds and coined the name “silicone” in the 1940s. Because of these contributions, Kipping is considered to be the founding father of silicone science.
What is the difference between silicon and silicones?
The key difference between silicon and silicones is that silicon is an element, naturally occurring in our environment, whereas silicone is a compound obtained through a chemical process. Making up more than a quarter of the Earth’s crust, elemental silicon is found in enormous quantities and is the basis for many inorganic substances. Silicon most often occurs in combination with oxygen, forming silicon dioxide such as sand.
In what products are silicones used?
Due to their molecular structure, silicones can be manufactured in more than 2,000 different forms, including solids, liquids, semi-viscous pastes, greases, oils and rubber. The versatility allows for widespread use, and as a result silicones are an essential part of thousands of products that we rely on every day.
What are some of the benefits of silicones?
Silicones provide solutions to problems of all sizes, from the mundane to the most extraordinary. Silicones can play an important role in making everyday products stronger, more resilient, better lubricated, more water-repellent, better able to resist degradation by bacteria, better looking, easier to use and longer lasting.
Are silicones safe?
Yes. The safety of silicones is well-established. Silicones are among the most extensively studied materials in consumer and industrial uses. Silicone manufacturers have conducted more than 1,000 studies to assess the safety of silicones for workers, consumers, and the environment. The results of this continued research and testing overwhelmingly confirm the safety of silicones in diverse and important applications when used properly.
Do silicones enhance sustainable development?
Yes. Silicones can play a valuable role in promoting sustainable development because they enhance product performance and maximize resources. In everything from automobiles to agriculture, silicones lend their useful characteristics when applied to other materials and equipment, allowing them to last longer, spread better, stay flexible or rigid, withstand extreme temperatures or electricity and beyond.
Where are silicones being produced?
Companies that produce silicones are found all around the globe. The four main producing regions are the United States, China, Japan and Western Europe.