The chemical backbone of silicones is formed by the elements silicon and oxygen. Silicones can take many forms – from liquids to solids – that allow engineers, scientists, inventors and companies to use them as a vital component in thousands of consumer and industrial applications. Whether come in the forms of fluids, rubber, gels, resins and mixtures, it is their versatility that makes silicones a key ingredient in products that make our lives better every day. From shampoo and baking molds to cars, computers and precision engineered spacecraft, silicones can be found in a myriad of applications.
Silicones are diverse and take on properties which, according to their use, can be fluid, viscous, paste-like, rubbery or rigid in texture.
Silicones can be extremely resilient, withstanding extreme high and low temperatures, chemicals, rust, light, moisture, bacteria and intense pressure.
Silicones can be malleable and capable of returning to their original shape after being stretched, twisted and compressed.
Silicones can be insulators and as such are used in electrical components, weather sealants and structural glazing, offering long-term protection.
Silicones can be bonding agents since they can have strong adhesive properties. They can also be made non-sticky, so that sticky materials can be removed with ease.
Silicones can be water repellent and have the ability to form a watertight seal.